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  • Upcoming Garden Events

    Sept. 30: The Nashville Herb Society presents Through the Garden Gate: A Glimpse of Edwardian England, 8 a.m. – 3 p.m. at Cheekwood Botanic Hall. Celebrate the gardens, foods and flowers that delighted Downton Abby family and friends at the turn of the 20th century. The event begins with a hearty Edwardian breakfast, followed by three speakers: Marta McDowell on Beatrix Potter’s Gardening Life; Geraldine A. Laufer on Tussie Mussie – Victorian art of expressing yourself in the language of flowers; and Terry White, The English Garden event florist . Registration includes breakfast, box lunch in the garden with music, English tea and cookies. To learn more or to register, visit www.herbsocietynashvlle.org.

    Tips & tasks – September

    Cut the dead tops of coneflowers, but leave enough for goldfinches to enjoy the seeds.

    Plant cool-weather vegetables for a fall crop: spinach, mustard and turnip greens, radishes, leaf lettuce.

    Start a new lawn of cool-season grass, such as fescue, or refurbish or repair establish lawns.

    Don’t let the soil of newly planted grass dry out. New grass needs about an inch of water per week.

    It’s still warm, so continue to water and weed garden beds as needed.

    Remove dead foliage, spent flowers and other garden debris; replenish mulch as needed.

    Continue to harvest produce, which may be getting a boost now from slightly cooler weather. Keep watering sage, rosemary and other perennial herbs so they’ll be in good shape to get through winter.

    Prepare to bring houseplants back indoors: remove dead leaves, scrub soil from the sides of the pots, treat for insects. Bring tropical plants in before nighttime temperatures dip to 55 degrees.

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Grow Siberian iris from seed

I have several Siberian iris pods that have dried and split and produced seeds. Can I plant them to grow new irises? When is the best time to plant?

Siberian iris croppedAfter the irises bloom in the spring, they may form seed pods, and those ripe seeds (which should be dark and shiny) can be saved and planted to grow new irises. But they require specific conditions to germinate successfully, including a period of cold weather, so the best time to plant iris seeds is in late fall and winter.

Iris experts suggest two ways of germinating iris seeds. This information comes from Margie Valenzuela of the Tucson Area Iris Society and Sally G. Miller at the Dave’s Garden online community of gardeners:

Soak the seeds in water for at least 48 hours, or for several days, changing the water every day. This causes the seeds to plump up and allows them to germinate faster. Plant the seeds about a half-inch deep, about a half-inch apart in a planter box filled with seed-starting potting mix, and keep the soil moist (but not wet) at all times. You may want to cover the container with wire mesh to keep squirrels from digging in the pot. You can also plant the seeds directly in the ground this winter, in a prepared bed. When they begin to germinate, iris seedlings look a bit like grass, but the leaves soon acquire their typical flattened growth pattern.

Other experts provide information about growing seedlings indoors, under lights. They still need a period of chilling – about 12 weeks in the refrigerator, after soaking the seeds in a sterilizing solution of one part bleach and ten parts water. After they’ve had their chill, plant the seeds in seedling mix and grow them under fluorescent lights indoors, moving the seedlings to the prepared garden bed as weather permits, and keep them well-watered during the first year.

Irises grown from seed may not bloom the first year. And when they do bloom, you may find they don’t emerge as the exact plant that grew them – they likely will be interesting hybrids, fertilized nature’s way by bees and other pollinators.

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