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  • March garden tips & tasks

    If your fescue lawn looks a little skimpy, overseed early this month. Fescue grows best when the weather is still cool.

    Clip dead stems from perennial herbs – thyme, sage, lavender, rosemary. Pruning encourages vigorous new growth.

    Prune nandinas, flowering quince and other airy shrubs by reaching in and removing about a third of the branches at ground level.

    Remove mulch or leaves that may be covering perennials in garden beds.

    Prepare a new garden bed: Have the soil tested (check with your county’s Extension service). Remove grass and dig or till soil 8 to 10 inches deep and mix with soil amendments and organic matter to improve drainage.

    Add fertilizer lightly to perennials as soon as you see new growth. Too much fertilizer may result in lanky growth.

    Herb transplants that don’t mind cool weather -- parsley, cilantro, sage, oregano – can go in the ground now.

    When you cut daffodils to bring inside, cut the stems at an angle and place them in water right away. Change the water in the vase daily to keep them fresh longer.

    Save the date - Middle Tennessee garden events

    The Perennial Plant Society's annual Plant Sale will be April 8, opening at 9 a.m. at The Fairgrounds Nashville. The sale offers newly released and hard-to-find perennials from top local nurseries -- more than 450 varieties of perennials, vines, grasses, shrubs and annuals. The event supports local scholarships for Tennessee horticulture students and monthly gardening programs, open to the public, at Cheekwood Botanical Gardens. For information visit www.ppsmtn.org.

    The Herb Society of Nashville's annual Herb Sale will be April 29, 9 a.m. - 2 p.m. at The Fairgrounds Nashville. The sale will offer heirloom vegetables, rare varieties of perennial and annual herbs, handmade pottery herb markers and more. To learn more, visit herbsocietynashville.org.

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Grow Siberian iris from seed

I have several Siberian iris pods that have dried and split and produced seeds. Can I plant them to grow new irises? When is the best time to plant?

Siberian iris croppedAfter the irises bloom in the spring, they may form seed pods, and those ripe seeds (which should be dark and shiny) can be saved and planted to grow new irises. But they require specific conditions to germinate successfully, including a period of cold weather, so the best time to plant iris seeds is in late fall and winter.

Iris experts suggest two ways of germinating iris seeds. This information comes from Margie Valenzuela of the Tucson Area Iris Society and Sally G. Miller at the Dave’s Garden online community of gardeners:

Soak the seeds in water for at least 48 hours, or for several days, changing the water every day. This causes the seeds to plump up and allows them to germinate faster. Plant the seeds about a half-inch deep, about a half-inch apart in a planter box filled with seed-starting potting mix, and keep the soil moist (but not wet) at all times. You may want to cover the container with wire mesh to keep squirrels from digging in the pot. You can also plant the seeds directly in the ground this winter, in a prepared bed. When they begin to germinate, iris seedlings look a bit like grass, but the leaves soon acquire their typical flattened growth pattern.

Other experts provide information about growing seedlings indoors, under lights. They still need a period of chilling – about 12 weeks in the refrigerator, after soaking the seeds in a sterilizing solution of one part bleach and ten parts water. After they’ve had their chill, plant the seeds in seedling mix and grow them under fluorescent lights indoors, moving the seedlings to the prepared garden bed as weather permits, and keep them well-watered during the first year.

Irises grown from seed may not bloom the first year. And when they do bloom, you may find they don’t emerge as the exact plant that grew them – they likely will be interesting hybrids, fertilized nature’s way by bees and other pollinators.

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